Birthday of Niels Bohr – October 7th 1885

“If quantum mechanics hasn’t profoundly shocked you, you haven’t understood it yet.” – Niels Bohr

Solvay conference 1927 by Benjamin Couprie, Institut International de Physique de Solvay

On October 7, 1885, Niels Bohr was born in Copenhagen.

In 1913, physicist Niels Bohr suggested that the electrons were confined into clearly defined, quantized orbits, and could jump between these, but could not freely spiral inward or outward in intermediate states. This theory later was supported by experimental evidence by Henry Moseley.

Niels Bohr was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1922 “for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them.”

One of the earliest and most commonly taught interpretations of quantum mechanics is the Copenhagen interpretation, which was devised by Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg and others between 1924–27.

In 1927 Niels Bohr developed and introduced the complementarity principle which shows Wave–particle duality – that all particles exhibit both wave and particle properties.

During the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II, Bohr escaped to Sweden and spent the last two years of the war in England and America. He was part of the British team of physicists working on the Manhattan Project.

Niels Bohr died in Copenhagen on November 18, 1962.

“Everything we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real.” – Niels Bohr

Quantum teleportation has been proven experimentally many times over, although it is not the type of transportation suggested in Sci-fi movies. It is still not possible to send a person or object between two places, only entangled information.

The technique involves entangling two things so their states are dependent on one another and each can be affected by the measurement of the other’s state. Quantum teleportation involves separating subatomic particles from their quantum state and entangling them. When one of the items is sent a distance away, entanglement ensures that changing the state of one cause the other to change as well.

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